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All About Diamonds

All you need to know about
diamonds before deciding
which to buy.

Cut


Diamonds are considered exquisite because of their breathtaking play on light, which is dependent on three key attributes: brilliance, fire and scintillation.

Brilliance results from the reflection of white light on the diamond's surface and its insides. Fire denotes the flashes of colour visible in a polished diamond. Scintillation denotes the flashes of light visible when the diamond or the viewer moves.

Its Cut Makes
a Diamond Brilliant



A diamond consists of three parts from the top to bottom: the crown, girdle and pavilion. Usually, the crown and the pavilion have facets – small, polished surfaces. Some diamonds may also have a culet, a facet at the bottom of the pavilion.
CROWN
Girdle
PAVILION
Culet
The standard round brilliant cut diamond is the most popular cut, and usually has 57 or 58 triangular or kite-shaped facets.
57 OR 58
TRIANGULAR OR
KITE-SHAPED
FACETS

Fancy Cuts



Other popular cuts – also known as fancy cuts – include:
Marquise Princess Pear Oval Heart Emerald

Step Cuts



Some fancy cuts, such as the emerald cut, are also described as step cuts, and have three rows of quadrangular facets parallel to the girdle.

The emerald cut has a rectangular table with beveled corners, whereas
the baguettes cut has only two rows of facets and unbeveled corners. Whereas brilliant cuts show more fire, step cuts show better colour. Some manufacturers develop their own cuts and shapes – such as crosses, lilies, lotus, starfish etc.
QUADRANGULAR FACETS
ON EMERALD CUT DIAMOND